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|20:05:2010 :: 8079 Black Hussars of Frederick II ::|
During the first Silesian War Frederick II defeated the Austrian army. However, he was surprised by effectiveness of the light Austrian cavalry which consisted of Hungarians called «Huzars». At that time Prussians also had Hussars, but only few squadrons formed in 1721.
In 1741, following the pattern of «Huzar» cavalry in Austria, five Hussar regiments were formed, and the Hussars became a rather important part of the Prussian cavalry. Despite presence of fire arms (muskets, carbines and pistols), sabers were considered as the main weapon of Hussars, and swift attack and dashing fight witch cold steel were considered as the main weapon of Hussars, and swift attack and dashing fight witch cold steel were considered as main way of combat. Each of the Hussar regiments had its own uniform. The 5th Hussar regiment known for its extreme bravery and cruelty to opponents had black uniforms, and it gained the nickname «Black Hussars». Besides the black uniform this regiment had one more special attribute-the insignia in the form of skull and crossbones.
The 5th Hussar regiment participated also in battles against the Russian army, e.g. in the battles of Gross-JKgersdorf and Zorndorf. These fights with the Russian cavalry were not successful for Prussia.
In 1748 the 9th Hussar regiment was formed –the «New Black Hussars». After Frederick II the «Black Hussars» were considered as examples of military virtue for the Prussian soldiers. During the World War II, the German Totenkopf Division, known for its cruelty, was intended as their as their successors.
|14:04:2010 :: 8045 RUSSIAN GUARD HEAVY ARTILLERY ::|
Eighteen-pound “unicorns” (smoothbore artillery pieces) and 12-pound cannons were widely used in Russia during the War of 1812. In the Battle of Borodino, these guns were stationed on the well known Rayevsky battery site and infl icted tremendous losses on Napoleon’s regiments.
|01:04:2010 :: Dragoons of Peter I ::|
These dragoons successfully fought both in mounted and foot order. The number of Dragoon regiments reached 33. Their most famous action happened in the battle of Lesnaya village when the first corps of Russias armed forces named Corps Volant conducted a rapid action over a long distance and intercepted the Swedish corps under the command of Loewenhaupt which was defeated despite Swedish numerical superiority. In the battle of Poltava Dragoons withstood successfully the Swedish cavalry attack at the beginning of the battle. During the decisive stage of the battle Dragoon regiments overthrew the Swedish cavalry on the flanks.
|03:12:2009 :: 8069 Skythian Cavalry ::|
|29:07:2009 :: Cataphracts ::|
Cataphracts - entirely covered with plate metal armour – came into the world during last centuries B.C. Armed with long spear, formed in tight lines that riders were able to break through line of heavy infantry and make them to run away. During battle of Carrhae 1000 Parthian cataphracts supported by 10 thousands of light cavalry crushed at all 40 thousands Roman army under command of Crassus.
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